An Egyptian living in Europe but her heart stayed back home. Having some random thoughts about the before and after pictures. Ghawayesh means bracelets. In my context it symbolizes the cuffs of my culture. I don't know if I like them or hate them. Thanks for passing by.
31 August 2012
Maria Montessori's 142nd birth anniversary has become the subject of the latest Google doodle. Maria Montessori was an Italian physician and educator, best known for the philosophy of education which bears her name. Her educational methods are in use today in public and private schools throughout the world.
The Google doodle itself represents various tools that form an integral part of Montessori education methods.
Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870, in Chiaravalle, Italy. Her family later moved to Rome in 1875, where she was enrolled in a public elementary school when she was 6. Montessori was not a particular brilliant student early on, but that during her teens. She graduated from the technical school Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti at the age of 20 and decided to study medicine further on, which was unheard of for females at the time.
After completing a pre-qualification course and overcoming a lot of hurdles, Maria Montessori enrolled for the medical program at the University of Rome in 1893. Here troubles didn't end there, as she faced discrimination from fellow students and faculty because of her gender. But Montessori carried on, winning an academic prize in her first year, and later securing a position as a hospital assistant, gaining early clinical experience. In her last two years she studied paediatrics and psychiatry, and worked in the paediatric consulting room and emergency service, becoming an expert in paediatric medicine.
Montessori graduated from the University of Rome in 1896 and in so doing became the first female to earn the distinction of a doctor of medicine.
In 1897 Maria Montessori was accepted as a voluntary assistant at the University's psychiatric clinic. As part of her work, she visited asylums in Rome where she observed children with mental disabilities, observations which were fundamental to her future educational work.
These observations translated into what are now known as the essential values of Montessori education around the globe:
- Mixed age classrooms, with classrooms for children aged 2½ or 3 to 9 years old by far the most common
- Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options
- Uninterrupted blocks of work time
- A Constructivist or "discovery" model, where students learn concepts from working with materials, rather than by direct instruction
- Specialised educational materials developed by Montessori and her collaborators
As of today, Montessori education is practiced in an estimated 20,000 schools worldwide.
Maria Montessori also did a lot of work in India, and legendary poet Rabindranath Tagore had founded many "Tagore-Montessori" schools in India.
Montessori died of a cerebral haemorrhage in the Netherlands, at the age of 81.
24 August 2012
Failure to grow: lack of food or lack of love?
AbstractOne of the most important criteria for good health in childhood is normal growth. Taking regular accurate measurements of length and plotting them on a centile chart is essential to spot early signs of growth disorders. Be alert for a "zig-zag" pattern on the chart: it could indicate psychosocial dwarfism (see opposite). Length is more important than weight for identifying growth disorders. Lack of love, or an adverse emotional or social environment, can cause growth failure even in a child who is eating enough. Such children have a condition called psychosocial dwarfism, which is due to hypopituitarism (too little growth hormone secretion from the pituitary gland). This condition does not respond to growth hormone treatment. Once the child is placed in an alternative environment, eg a good foster home, the hypopituitarism is reversed and rapid "catch-up" growth takes place. It often emerges that such children have been physically, emotionally or sexually abused.
The following 3 subtypes are described, based on the patient's age at presentation and the clinical findings:
- In type I PSS, the age of onset is infancy. Usually, failure to thrive (FTT) is present, but no bizarre behaviors are observed. Patients are often depressed. Normal growth hormone (GH) secretion is found, but responsiveness to GH is unknown. No history of parental rejection is present in type I PSS.
- In type II PSS, the age of onset is 3 years or older. Some of these patients have FTT. Bizarre behaviors are usually observed, and patients are often depressed. Decreased or absent GH secretion is found with minimal responsiveness to GH. A history of parental rejection or pathology is present.
- In type III PSS, the age of onset is in infancy or older. FTT is not usually present, and bizarre behavior is not usually observed. GH secretion is normal; responsiveness to GH is significant. No history of parental rejection is present.
Several authors have suggested that the following historic factors are important in making the diagnosis of classic PSS:
- Psychological disturbance is present.
- Bizarre behaviors centered on food and water acquisition, despite seemingly adequate caloric and fluid intake and its availability (polyphagia, polydipsia, hoarding food, gorging and vomiting, eating from garbage bin, drinking from toilet, stealing food)
- Sleep disturbances (insomnia, night wandering)
- Abnormal behaviors (withdrawal, apathy, anxiety, irritability, temper tantrums, shyness, accident proneness, self-injury)
- Developmental delays (speech retardation, cognitive retardation, psychomotor retardation)
- The caregiver appears to have some psychopathology, and the relationship with the child appears or is known to be abnormal. The following can apply to mothers or caregivers and/or the environment:
- Personality disorders
- Domestic violence or marital instability
- Substance abuse
- Absent spouse or father of child
- Myriad of other child abuse–associated issues involving poverty, poor education, generational abuse, and neglect
- Abnormal endocrine function is present but normalizes when the child is removed from the unsafe and nonnurturing environment.
- Malnutrition or inadequate caloric intake alone is not demonstrated to be the primary cause of the growth failure. However, steatorrhea is often observed in individuals with type II PSS.
- Diagnosis of PSS is confirmed by the removal of the child from the unsafe or nonnurturing environment and observation of the following with time:
- Demonstration of catch-up growth
- Improvements in behaviors
- Normalization of hormonal disturbances
This, sadly reminds me of the two adorable brothers who are failing to grow. I wish I could give you the love you are not getting. Hugs and kisses, I wish they would reach you from afar.
20 August 2012
A day in my family history, that shall not be forgotten.
Top it with the fact that G. beat me in chess today!!!
Incredible how fast they learn.. And grow!!
They say time passes by so fast..
Time is constant, and we just shoot by.
19 August 2012
By Tariq Alhomayed
|Tariq Alhomayed is the Editor-in-Chief of Asharq Al-Awsat, the youngest person to be appointed that position. Mr. Alhomayed has an acclaimed and distinguished career as a Journalist and has held many key positions in the field including; Assistant Editor-in-Chief of Asharq Al-Awsat, Managing Editor of Asharq Al-Awsat in Saudi Arabia, Head of Asharq Al-Awsat Newspaper's Bureau-Jeddah, Correspondent for Al - Madina Newspaper in Washington D.C. from 1998 to Aug 2000. Mr. Alhomyed has been a guest analyst and commentator on numerous news and current affair programs including: the BBC, German TV, Al Arabiya, Al- Hurra, LBC and the acclaimed Imad Live’s four-part series on terrorism and reformation in Saudi Arabia. He is also the first Journalist to conduct an interview with Osama Bin Ladin's Mother. Mr. Alhomayed holds a BA degree in Media studies from King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah, and has also completed his Introductory courses towards a Master’s degree from George Washington University in Washington D.C. He is based in London.|
In order to allow one to form a position or put forward an answer, let us clarify what is taking place in Egypt. Here we must pay attention to an important issue, namely that the Egyptian presidency has absorbed one institute after another, very quickly, to the point that this is akin to bowling, with the presidency bowling a single ball and toppling a number of institutions in a short period of time. The situation in Egypt today shows that the presidency, the government, the media and the military institution, are all in the hands of the president. One might say that this is only natural, however this is not true, for without a parliament, constitution and Shura Council in place, the Egyptian president enjoys limitless power, and is even more powerful than former president Hosni Mubarak, even at the height of his reign!
The absence of a constitution, which would define the president’s power and the role of the government, and indeed clarify the form of government in Egypt – whether this is presidential or parliamentary – means that the president enjoys limitless power, and this automatically means that Egypt is under a presidential form of government. Before this could be decided by the Special Constituent Assembly which is charged with drafting the constitution, Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi’s decisions have decided Egypt’s future, imposing this form of government as a fait accompli. Therefore it is difficult to image a parliamentary form of government occurring in Egypt, or that the presidential powers will be constrained compared to the Mubarak era, which is what the Egyptian revolution had demanded. This is an important point that is absent from the talk in Egypt now. Therefore, the reality of the situation in Egypt today is that only the judicial institution remains outside of the control of the Egyptian presidency, and perhaps this will also change in the near future! This is what the political situation in Egypt today is indicating, and this is a threat that the Egyptian people have failed to notice, particularly as they are split between those gloating over the military’s fate, and those who welcome an endless state of revolution, and therein lies the danger.
In summary, Egypt today is under a presidency that enjoys limitless power, as there is no constitution to determine the president’s power or the form of government, there is also no separation of powers, whilst no independent institutes remain in Egypt, rather these have all been eliminated.
This is the situation in Egypt today, without equivocation.
05 August 2012
He's taking me along to join his rowing club.
After a decade of absence, I'm finally rocking the boat again.
Thank you for the great inspiration; all the great heroes of London2012.
في المدرسة (أي مدرسة)، كان دايماً بيبقى فيه شلة عيال ضريبة يعملوا مقالب
في المدرسين، ويزوغوا من الحصص، وكان المدرسين مش بيعرفوا يرفتوهم عشان
أهاليهم بييجوا يشلفطوهم لو العيل أخد يومين رفت، أو لأن العيل مافيش منهم
رجاء سواء أخذ فصل نهائي أو كمل المدرسة، فالمدرسين بيفقدوا الأمل ويفضلوا
سايبينه موجود يمكن ربنا ينفخ في صورته.
العيال دول، كان دايماً
بيبقى واحد من شلتهم طفل ابن ناس بس عبيط، فاكر أنه هيقدر يبقى واحد منهم
لما يقلدهم ويعمل اللي هم عايزينه. يقولوا له روح حط البودرة تحت كرسي
الأستاذ يحطه، روح حط الصاروخ في جونلة الأبلة يحطها. وبعدين لما يتقفشوا
يقولوا مالناش دعوة هو اللي عمل كدا. ويسيبوه يتعاقب لوحده.
وبعدين لما يزهقوا من جونلة المدرسة، يمسكوا الواد دا يتسلوا عليه. يدوا له
على قفاه في وسط الحصة، ياخدوا بنطلونه ويجروا بعد حصة الألعاب. كدا يعني.
وهو بيفضل يعيط كل مرة، بس بيفضل يحاول يكسب رضاهم تاني. لحد ما العيل
الأهبل دا يكبر وياخد دكتوراة في الهندسة ويبقى رئيس جمهورية، بس برضه يفضل
يروح يحط صاروخ في جونلة المدرسة لما العيل الغني أبو كرش يقول له يعمل
01 August 2012
I lean back and look at the moon like I'm silently communicating with my best friend: "Remember a scene like this once before? Some thousands of sun years back in time? Back in a great country called Egypt? Doesn't it make you feel sad how things have changed?"
I could swear I saw his face giving me a sad smile.
I wish you eternal happy returns. Happy birthday, Switzerland. xx
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